Anthem Institute Landmark Court Cases and Ethics of Good Discussion

I need help with a Health & Medical question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn. During this session, we discussed the complexity of decision-making, decision-making capacity, informed consent, and advanced directives. Describe how landmark court cases (ex. Salgo, Candura, etc.) and federal legislation discussed in our reading work to protect an individual/patient’s rights (autonomy, self-determination). How does this support an Ethics of the Good?

Answer:

Landmark court cases and federal legislation work together to protect the autonomy and self-determination of patients, which is essential to promoting an Ethics of the Good in healthcare. These cases and laws establish guidelines for informed consent, decision-making capacity, and advanced directives, all of which support patients’ rights to make decisions about their own medical care.

For example, the case of Salgo v. Leland Stanford Jr. University Board of Trustees (1957) established the “reasonable patient standard” for informed consent, which requires physicians to disclose information to patients that a “reasonable person” would want to know before making a decision about their medical treatment. This case recognizes the importance of patients having access to information so that they can make informed decisions about their healthcare.

Similarly, the case of Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health (1990) established the legal right of individuals to refuse life-sustaining treatment. This case recognized that individuals have the right to make their own decisions about their medical treatment, even if it means refusing life-saving interventions. This supports the Ethics of the Good by recognizing the value of patient autonomy and self-determination.

Federal legislation such as the Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) of 1990 also supports patient autonomy and self-determination by requiring healthcare providers to inform patients about their rights to make decisions about their medical care and to create advance directives, such as living wills and durable power of attorney for healthcare. These laws recognize that patients have a right to make decisions about their own healthcare and that it is important to respect and protect their autonomy and self-determination.

Overall, landmark court cases and federal legislation work together to support an Ethics of the Good by promoting patient autonomy and self-determination in healthcare. These laws and cases recognize that patients have the right to make decisions about their own medical care and that it is essential to respect and protect their autonomy and self-determination.

 

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