Absolute Safety Training Paramedic Program Effects of Actions Discussion

First, demonstrate the understanding of what the authors mean by “diversion-oriented system” versus “punitive- or punishment-oriented system.”

Second, offer the perspective on whether a shift toward a “diversion” and away from a “punishment” (arrest, court processing, court trial, possible detention) model for dealing with juvenile offenders would be effective in the U.S. juvenile justice system.

  • Third, find an example of a diversion-oriented model that has been applied by a U.S. state or county juvenile court system, and describe its main features.
  • Finally, suggest how you think a diversion-oriented shift might impact case processing and caseflow management.

Answer:

  1. “Diversion-oriented system” refers to a system of juvenile justice that focuses on diverting juvenile offenders away from the formal court system and into programs or interventions designed to address the underlying issues that contributed to their delinquent behavior. The goal of diversion is to provide the juvenile with the tools, resources, and support they need to avoid future involvement with the justice system. In contrast, a “punitive- or punishment-oriented system” is one that focuses primarily on punishing the juvenile offender for their behavior and holding them accountable for their actions. This approach typically involves arrest, court processing, court trial, and possible detention in a juvenile facility.
  2. There is evidence to suggest that a shift towards a diversion-oriented model for dealing with juvenile offenders could be effective in the U.S. juvenile justice system. Research has shown that programs designed to address the underlying issues that contribute to delinquent behavior, such as substance abuse, mental health problems, and family conflict, can be effective in reducing recidivism rates and improving outcomes for juvenile offenders. Diversion programs can also be more cost-effective than formal court processing and detention.

However, it’s important to note that diversion programs must be carefully designed and implemented to be effective. They must be evidence-based, tailored to the individual needs of the juvenile, and closely monitored to ensure compliance and positive outcomes.

  1. One example of a diversion-oriented model that has been applied by a U.S. state or county juvenile court system is the Multnomah County Juvenile Services Division’s Community Accountability Program (CAP) in Portland, Oregon. CAP is a voluntary program designed to divert low-level juvenile offenders away from the formal court system and into a community-based program that addresses the underlying issues contributing to their delinquent behavior. The program offers a range of services, including counseling, educational support, and community service, and involves the participation of the juvenile’s family and the community.

The main features of CAP include a focus on community involvement, individualized treatment plans, and a restorative justice approach that emphasizes accountability and repair of harm. Juveniles who successfully complete the program can have their charges dismissed or reduced, which can have a significant impact on their future opportunities and outcomes.

  1. A shift towards a diversion-oriented model would likely have a significant impact on case processing and caseflow management in the U.S. juvenile justice system. Diversion programs can reduce the number of cases that go to court, which can help alleviate caseloads and reduce backlog. However, it’s important to ensure that diversion programs are adequately resourced and staffed to meet the needs of juvenile offenders and provide the necessary support for positive outcomes. Effective caseflow management will be critical to ensuring that juveniles are placed in appropriate diversion programs and that progress is closely monitored to ensure compliance and positive outcomes.

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