African American History in American Institutions Letter & Responses

Write a letter and discussion responses


A new movement has started since the early 2000s, where some political groupsare trying to remove American history from our children’s school curriculum and textbooks, specifically slave history. However, these groups also do not want to cover segregation or civil rights.  By removing the history that we have just covered in these last eight weeks, the  African American communities are denied their connections to American History.  Recently, African Americans have created movements such as “Black Lives Matter”  to counteract these other groups. Many tie slave history to the development of segregation and racism that has spread throughout our country. A Historical Trauma has affected generations of African Americans because of what their ancestors had to endure just to survive in this country. This distrust has developed towards different groups, agencies and organizations. For those who are not affected, trying to understand what it means to be an African American in the United States showcases the need for this history to be taught in all schools and to every American.

Your final  forum is to prepare an essay (letter to the editor or written speech)  that would explain to all of America why African American History from the Atlantic Slave Trade To Reconstruction should be taught. 

Explain why every American should know African American history. You will be expected to use specific facts, events and people that you have learned from this course therefore refrain from adding content that pertains to historical content after Reconstruction. 

These facts, events, and people must come from your required work this term and from research in the library or from the course bibliography. 

In your speech, demonstrate the breadth of knowledge you have gained from this work. Do not forget to use in text citations because you will be using multiple sources.

This post must be at least 500 words and for that reason unlike most of our previous Forums this is due by Friday night (at 11:55 PM EST). 

You will, as usual, respond to at least two students for 200 words each (and this is due by Sunday). Respond as many times as you want, and I will grade your two best responses.

Remember, I want to see that you have a solid understanding of African American history and that you ground this final post in all the required work during the term.

Do not forget to read the lesson for this week.

Please remember that as this replaces your final exam, you must clearly demonstrate what you have learned from all the required work starting with Week 2 and ending with Week 7. I want to see the breathe of your knowledge gained in this class. Your grade will primarily be based on that. You have at least three posts (the initial submission and two replies). Use them to further demonstrate how much you have learned from the required material and your research.


One students postThis course has unfolded many details and facts of African American history much of which I?d had some reference and knowledge but not to the degree I wished I had. I was born in 1990s, growing up through the 90s and 2000s and having no teaching on African American history I now have a clearer understanding of the root of which some of the issues we face today originated. The contributions and cultural influences stemming from enslaved African Americans have been greatly undermined in the American culture. During the Middle Passage, enslaved Africans were forced to abandon traditional customs, camouflage spiritual rituals and perish cultural artifacts. Today, Africanisms varying from traditional folklore, Southern cuisine to song and dance have a widespread, deep-rooted impact throughout the United States. African origins influential staple is evidenced throughout modern popular culture where America has continuously capitalized in more ways than one through language, hair styles, clothing and contemporary music. The truth is that African American history shaped, and continues to shape the African American experience in the UnitedStates.The history of the African culture through slavery, the Reconstruction Era, and the civil rights movements shaped, and continues to shape, the African American experience. Religious practices, familial and community systems offer stability for African Americans and provide a basis to establish a solid foundation. Unfortunately, African American contributions to the economics, wealth and culture of the U.S. since the beginning have in far too many cases been whitewashed or receive little to no credit. For most of America?s history, legal and social discrimination shaped and denied African Americans access to education and literacy.BLUF the African American experience resulted from the many influences of slavery and ongoing racial discrimination throughout the United States. There have been many influential and successful African Americans that contributed to not only the plight of the African American but all Americans. And I know that there will be many more to follow for this fight for equality is a fight worth fighting. I am looking forward to my next course African American History after 1877… After reading the introduction to ?Readings in African American Culture? it is clear that the current education system has not fully taught the history of African people. The first aspect that I noticed was that the Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration in history. It is hard to imagine just how many people were forced to leave their homes. It is difficult to imagine what millions of people would look like, because our brains cannot comprehend that magnitude of an event. Not only were these people forced to leave their homes, but they had to find ways to keep their unique culture alive. African rituals were used to create Christian music and gospel music. African food was used to create unique foods that we eat today.I enjoy reading and learning about African American culture because I grew up with very little exposure to cultural diversity. The only times I met other races outside of mine was missionaries or refugee families at church. Even after going to public high school, I still had many implicit racial biases (which I realized later in life) about students at my high school. It wasn?t until I learned about systematic racism and the structures our country is built on before I truly understood. One time my senior year there was a incident where two black students got into a fight and a white officer aggressively restrained one student, causing a lot of controversy. One of my teachers was severely injured. In the moment, I was angry about the controversy. I thought that it was all the student?s fault, and while they were out of line, looking back I see the bias that I had against my peers. After learning about different types of bias, I realized that maybe that officer wasn?t racist, but held implicit bias against black people. After learning about post traumatic slave syndrome and cultural identity I am able to better understand more about race and culture. There are many misconceptions about what things like ?Black lives matter? or ?the black panthers? are, but I am looking forward to learning about these movements. I think this course and its reading has the power to educate and change what our society has told us about African Americans.I never thought I would enjoy learning so much about African-American History, there?s so much that I learned in this course though the professor, and my classmates, so I am grateful to all of you that supported me in this eight week journey. Though the studies of this course I realized that we have made a lot of improvements for equality in America that wasn?t a possibility in the 18th and 19th centuries, but with that being said almost 240 years has passed, and we still have racial tension just as much now as we had then. We had leaders fight for our civil rights, and yet we are still trying to full establish the civil rights for blacks to truly be seen as equals. Again, I would like to thank the class for helping me learn so much during these 8 weeks. Thank You.Works Cited:Terrell, D. (2015, June 03). The Untold Impact of African Culture on American Culture. Retrieved June 19, 2017, from culture/How African American History Has Shaped The African American Experience. (n.d.). Retrieved June 19, 2017, from student discussionGood Morning All,It has been brought to my attention that public schools have been sugar coating the truth about how Africans ended up in America. By the looks of things, even the textbooks are replacing the word slavery with workers or immigrants (Higson, 2016). They skewed facts on how the founding fathers, specifically Abraham Lincoln, was a slave owner, but enacted the Emancipation Proclamation. Americans need to know about African American history as America today was built on the blood, sweat, and tears of African Americans. You can’t possibly teach history without stating these facts. From the Atlantic Slave Trade to the Reconstruction Era, African Americans endured many hardships that has lasting effects on the current generations of African Americans. In my speech, I will list facts and while listening, I want you all to think about why these facts are important and ask yourself if you knew this information, why or why not?The Spaniards came to the New World is search of gold, silver, sugar, tobacco, and leather goods (Kelley, 2005, Ch.2). This history isn’t to be used as sympathy in the schools, but for educational purposes to understand the foundation of America as we know it. In the 1770s came the increase of religion, natural laws/rights, and the Revolutionary War. In the beginning of the war, African Americans fought until 1777, when George Washington banned African Americans from serving. Again, African Americans were fighting for a country that didn’t even see them as humans, but as property. Thomas Jefferson first drafted the Declaration of Independence stating that slavery was a cruel war against human nature itself, while he currently owned slaves (Kelley, 2005, Ch.3). Life as a slave was hard weather you were a field slave, house slave, or temporary industrial slave. Many African American soldiers in the Confederate Army were forced compared to the Union Army where African Americans willingly volunteered. The Emancipation Proclamation came into effect that freed slaves in the seceded states, but not the slaves in the Union states. The Civil War ended slavery but did not make African Americans equal until the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were taken seriously. The Freedmen’s Bureau created many educational opportunities for African Americans in the south. Black leaders became targets as some whites did not believe they should have any political authority. The Kl Klux Klan was causing an increase of violence in the south by lynching African Americans, participating in mass shootings, and burning many homes and dwellings of African Americans. I hope a recollection of these events have created a visual as to why every American should know African American history. It was a terrible past that must be acknowledged. Many Americans associate black with bad and white with good, but that is not the case. Education plays a huge role in this stigma as they are ignorant to the truth. School is meant to educate, not to preserve any feelings. African American History is American History. The south as we know it, has great influences from African Americans down to the food we eat, the music, the dance, and the religion (Harris, 1998). African Americans never fully transformed to American ways as they still held on to some of their African culture passed down through generations. You may even see some of the lasting affect today in the slums or ghettoes of African Americans where they don’t know any better, they can’t do any better. They have become victims of the past endured by their ancestors and complain that it’s the white man’s fault for the way they are living. You may also see it in the school systems as the slums graduation rate and test scores are worse than neighboring schools that are diverse. Some feel as though they remain inferior to other races, but today, we can make a change. The Black Lives Matter movement is in place to fight back against racism showing it’s face in modern society. They no longer want to remain inferior to the next race, they want to be equal as the Constitution states. Higson, R. (2016, May 3). Removing Slavery from Textbooks. Retrieved January 21,2020, from, R. L. (1998, November 1).Publications & Directories: AHA.Retrieved January 21, 2020, from, R. D. G (2005). To Make Our World Anew: Volume I: A History of African Americans to 1880. E. Lewis (Ed.). Retrieved from

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