America as a Superpower Paper

BACKGROUND–By  the mid-20th century, the United States had become the dominant force  in international relations. Some have argued that the United States’  military functions as the world’s “police.” This assignment covers the  manner in which this shift occurred and the consequences the United  States faces as a result of its status as “policeman of the world.” One  can identify early steps this direction well before World War II, but in  this paper focus on the period from 1950 to the present. The American  international “policing” role developed because of the Cold War, but now  terrorists or any power having or trying to get weapons of mass  destruction (WMD) are the potential targets of such a role.  Examine the  statements below and drawing from provided sources, present a paper  with specific examples and arguments to demonstrate the validity of your  position. Your paper will use specific examples—two from the Cold War  years and two from the past two decades.

NOTE:   The word “policing” here has nothing to do with traditional law  enforcement agencies. It is more about trying to manage parts of the  globe—usually by use of military force or the threat of it.  The aim of  this management may be to maintain stability, remove threats of “rogue”  forces or terrorists or weapons, prevent the expansion of autocratic  rule, protect a fledgling democracy, etc.

Choose one of these position statements (make it the last sentence of your introductory paragraph):

THESIS STATEMENT 1.   By examples from different decades since 1950, it is clear that the  international policing role and strategy of the United States was once  essential, but should now be discarded as ineffective and  counterproductive.

THESIS STATEMENT 2.   By examples from different decades since 1950, it is clear that the  international policing role and strategy of the United States during the  Cold War has become even more necessary in this period of terrorism and  instability.

Plan  to make that thesis statement the last sentence in your introductory  paragraph.  The general subject is America’s international “policing”  role as a superpower for the last 70-plus years.  You may moderate the  wording slightly to fit more precisely the position you wish to take.   This is NOT a simple statement of a topic; it is a statement of a  position you are taking about that topic.  p.s.—Valid arguments and “A”  papers can be made with either thesis.  So, you choose the one you think  is the stronger position.

In  your paper, use specific examples—two from the Cold War years  (1950-1991) and two from the past three decades (since 1991).   After  giving general consideration to your readings and your research, select  one of the positions above as your position—your thesis. (Sometimes  after doing more thorough research, you might choose the reverse  position. This happens with critical thinking and inquiry. Your final  paper might end up taking a different position than you originally  envisioned.) Organize your paper as follows, handling these issues with this FOUR-PART organization:

Part One—one  paragraph.  INTRODUCTION AND THESIS STATEMENT.  The position you choose  will be the thesis statement in your opening paragraph; make it the  last sentence of the paragraph.

Part Two—two  paragraphs normally.  FOUR EXAMPLES.  To support your thesis, use four  specific examples, two from the Cold War years (1950-1991) and two for  the recent decades (1991-the present).  The examples should be specific  and clearly support your thesis.  In these paragraphs one generally must  have in-text citations to support your specific examples and to show  where the information was found.  Spread out the examples—different  decades.  Make the examples SPECIFIC.  The FORMAT SAMPLE paper can also  help on this part.

Part Three—one  paragraph normally. DEALING WITH THE OPPOSING VIEW. Identify the  opposing view and explain why the opposing view is weak in comparison to  yours. No  new research needed; just one paragraph of critical thinking suggesting  why your thesis/position is stronger than a different view.  Approach  it this way:  You adopted a thesis statement. The opposing view is the  thesis statement you did NOT adopt. You might start this paragraph by  saying “Some may disagree with my thesis and argue that  ——- .”   THEN—you spend 3 or 4 sentences giving a reasoned argument why your  thesis is stronger than the opposing view.

  • Part Four—one paragraph:  LEGACY  TODAY AND CONCLUSION:  Consider your life today: In what way does the  history you have shown shape or impact issues in your workplace or  desired profession? This might be unclear at first since it is foreign  policy. But, super-power status does inevitably provide advantages in a  global economy.) This might be easy if you work in cyber security,  criminal justice, IT, etc.  You can consider the legal impact of  terrorism on justice system, privacy issues, etc.  Even a business must  now plan accordingly. Every profession now must have security  safeguards, plan what to do with data, etc.  A few comments on these  things for your profession—and some comments on how this impacts our  lives in general

Length: The paper should be 500-to-750 words in length.

Research and References: You must use a MINIMUM of four quality academic sources; the Schultz textbook must be one of them. The other three may be from the list below or from other quality sources you find in the university’s online library.   (Sticking with the list is a safe strategy; using other quality sources  from the university’s online library is permitted.) This is guided  research, not Googling.

Source list for Assignment 3: Some  sources are “primary” sources from the time period being studied. Some  sources below can be accessed via direct link or through the primary  sources links on Blackboard. Each week has a different list of primary  sources. For others, they are accessible through the permalink to the  source in our online library: Sources below having as  part of the URL have a permalink to that source in our university’s  online library. (The link takes you to the library log-in; you then log  in, and then the source appears for you right away).  Each source below  is shown in SWS form, so if you use it, you may easily copy the entire  entry onto your paper’s sources list. (On a paper, never list an item as URL only.)

SWS Form for the textbook:

  1.        Kevin M. Schultz. 2018. HIST: Volume 2: U.S. History since 1865.  5th ed.

Choose sources relevant to the topic and position you are taking:

  1. G. H. W. Bush. March 6, 1991. Address before a Joint Session of the Congress on the Cessation of the Persian Gulf Conflict.

S. Chace. Summer, 2015. The Cuban Missile Crisis:  Leadership as Disturbance, Informed by History.

  1. J. F. Dulles. Jan. 2, 1954. Secretary Dulles’ Strategy of Massive Retaliation.

M. Klare. July 15, 2002. Endless Military Superiority.

  1. T. McCrisken. April/May, 2013. Obama’s Drone War.

C. Paul. 2008. Marines on the Beach: The Politics of U.S. Military Intervention Decision Making. eBook.

C. Powell. Feb. 6, 2003. Transcript of Powell’s UN Presentation.

R. Reagan. March, 1983. Remarks at the Annual Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals.

Kevin M. Schultz. 2018. HIST: Volume 2: U.S. History since 1865.  5th ed.

S.  M. Tarzi. Sept. 2014. The Folly of a Grand Strategy of Coercive Global  Primacy: A Fresh Perspective on the Post-9/11 Bush Doctrine.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

This course requires use of new Strayer Writing Standards (SWS).  The format is different than some other Strayer University courses.  Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details.

Be typed, double spaced between lines [single-spaced for ecree]using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; [font flexibility and margin flexibility with ecree.];  citations and references must follow SWS format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

Include  a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s  name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and [Title  page and name info not needed for ecree.  You might make up a title—put  it right at start of first paragraph—as part of first paragraph.]  The Sources page is not included in the required assignment length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Analyze  the rise of the United States to a world “superpower” and how that  status has shaped its internal developments in recent decades.

Examine  how changes in social and economic conditions and technology can cause  corresponding changes in the attitudes of the people and policies of the  government

Summarize  and discuss the ways that formal policies of government have influenced  the direction of historical and social development in the United  States.

Recognize the major turning points in American history since the Civil War.

Use technology and information resources to research issues in contemporary U.S. history.

Write clearly and concisely about contemporary U.S. history using proper writing mechanics.

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