Annotated Bibliography Entry

Example Below:

For your initial posting evaluate ONE of your information sources for your IT client in the IC Project and write an Annotated Bibliography Entry and include the following information: (See SAMPLE ANNOTATION ENTRY above to assist you.)

· Source citation (as the heading of the annotation) following the APA format for the type of source you have selected. The information source must be electronic/digital (not print-based) – from a website or database (see databases below) – and must provide a full-text article (not just an “abstract” of the information source) so you can read it in its entirety to do a proper evaluation. Indent the second line of the citation (as needed). At the end of the citation, provide the URL if the source is from an openly available website or provide the name of the database (not the URL) if the source is from an academic library database (after the “Retrieved from” at the end of the citation – see sample below).

· Descriptive Annotation about the information source: (in paragraph form)

· Summary of the article and author ( one paragraph)

· Who wrote the article (person or organization/site)

· Summary of the article content

· Purpose of the article


· Your evaluation of the source (based on 7 criteria – one paragraph)

· Accuracy (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: is the information accurate? are there any mistakes or contradictions in the content?)

· Currency (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: is the information timely and current especially important for technology topics? does the site or article include the date it was published and/or a date as to when it was updated/revised?)

· Authority/credibility (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: what are the author’s/editor’s credentials or background and/or the organization’s/site’s purpose? Is the author or organization/site a recognized, reputable, and reliable authority in the field? Is the URL extension .edu (education), .org (non-profit), .gov (government), or is it a .com or .net (business)?

· Quality (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: are the sources of the article documented in footnotes or in-text citations and/or include a bibliography at the end? is the information based on evidence or research? Are there links to more information and do the links work?)

· Objectivity (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: does the author or organization’s site or article give a balanced viewpoint and/or with multiple perspectives or is it biased based on personal opinion)?

· Coverage (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: is the information on the site or article comprehensive enough (or contain key information) for the information need? Does the site or article cover too much or too little generally? Is important information missing?)

· Relevance to the IT Professional’s topic or information need (Provide the rationale in your evaluation: how is the information source directly relevant, important, or useful to the IT client’s topic and information need?)

· Recommendation: do you recommend this information source for your IT client’s information need? (Explain)




Source Citation:

National Institute of Standards and Technology. (2023). NIST Special Publication 800-53: Security and Privacy Controls for Information Systems and Organizations. Retrieved from

Descriptive Annotation:

This source is a publication by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) titled “NIST Special Publication 800-53: Security and Privacy Controls for Information Systems and Organizations.” It provides comprehensive guidelines and controls for securing information systems and ensuring privacy within organizations. The publication is freely accessible and available in PDF format.


Authored by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, this publication outlines a set of security and privacy controls designed for information systems and organizations. It covers various aspects of security including access control, incident response, and security assessment. The document serves as a foundational resource for IT professionals and organizations looking to enhance their cybersecurity posture.


  • Accuracy: The information provided in the publication is accurate and reliable. It is based on thorough research and is widely recognized as a standard in the field of cybersecurity.
  • Currency: The publication is regularly updated to address evolving threats and technology trends. The document provides clear indication of its publication date and any revisions made, ensuring its relevance and currency.
  • Authority/Credibility: NIST is a reputable government agency responsible for developing standards and guidelines for various industries, including cybersecurity. The publication reflects the authority and expertise of NIST in the field.
  • Quality: The publication includes extensive documentation of sources, providing transparency and credibility to the information presented. Additionally, it offers links to supplementary resources for further exploration.
  • Objectivity: The publication maintains objectivity by presenting security controls and guidelines without bias or personal opinion. It aims to provide a comprehensive and balanced approach to cybersecurity.
  • Coverage: The publication covers a wide range of security and privacy controls, ensuring comprehensive guidance for organizations of different sizes and industries. It addresses key aspects of cybersecurity without overwhelming the reader.
  • Relevance: This source is highly relevant to the information needs of IT professionals, particularly those involved in cybersecurity management and compliance. It offers practical guidance and best practices for securing information systems and protecting sensitive data.


I highly recommend this information source for IT clients seeking guidance on cybersecurity controls and best practices. The publication is authoritative, comprehensive, and up-to-date, making it a valuable resource for enhancing organizational security measures.

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