Capital Punishment Talking Why Its Good and Bad Essay

A 3-5 page essay, preferably 4-5, talking about capital punishment how in the U.S it is still legal and the controversy that comes with that. Use at least 5 sources supporting it and opposition of it, so it could be three in opposition of it then two in favor of it. Include a bibliography with it. 12 pt. Arial font, double spaced.

From the teacher: As one of the few countries in the world where it is still practiced, capital punishment in the United States has been the source of an enormous amount of controversy.


Capital Punishment in the United States: A Controversial Practice

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, has been a subject of intense debate and controversy in the United States. As one of the few countries in the world where it is still practiced, the ethical, moral, and practical implications of this form of punishment continue to spark heated discussions. This essay explores the arguments both for and against capital punishment in the U.S., drawing on a range of sources to provide a comprehensive overview of the issue.

Opposition to Capital Punishment

One of the primary arguments against capital punishment is its irreversibility. Once a person is executed, there is no way to undo the decision if new evidence emerges that proves their innocence. This concern is highlighted by the alarming number of wrongful convictions that have been overturned in recent years. According to the Innocence Project, a non-profit organization dedicated to exonerating wrongfully convicted individuals through DNA testing, more than 375 people in the United States have been exonerated since 1989 (“Innocence Project”). This staggering number underscores the fallibility of the justice system and the potential for irreversible errors in capital cases.

Furthermore, opponents of capital punishment argue that it is inherently cruel and inhumane. The methods used for execution, such as lethal injection, electrocution, and gas chambers, have been the subject of widespread criticism for their potential to cause unnecessary suffering. Additionally, the prolonged process of appeals and waiting on death row can subject inmates to years of psychological torment, constituting a form of psychological torture (“Death Penalty Information Center”).

Another compelling argument against capital punishment is its disproportionate impact on marginalized communities. Studies have consistently shown racial and socioeconomic disparities in the application of the death penalty, with African Americans and individuals from low-income backgrounds more likely to be sentenced to death than their white or wealthier counterparts (“American Civil Liberties Union”). This systemic bias raises serious concerns about the fairness and impartiality of the criminal justice system.

Support for Capital Punishment

Despite these objections, proponents of capital punishment argue that it serves as a deterrent against violent crime. The logic behind this argument is that the fear of facing the ultimate punishment will dissuade individuals from committing heinous acts. While empirical evidence on the deterrent effect of the death penalty is mixed, some studies suggest a correlation between its presence and lower homicide rates in certain jurisdictions (“National Research Council”).

Additionally, supporters of capital punishment contend that it provides a sense of closure and justice to the victims’ families. For many grieving loved ones, the execution of the perpetrator represents a form of retribution and validation of their suffering. This sentiment is echoed by advocates who argue that capital punishment serves as a means of achieving justice for society as a whole by holding offenders accountable for their actions (“”).

In conclusion, the debate over capital punishment in the United States remains highly contentious, with valid arguments presented on both sides of the issue. While opponents highlight concerns about its irreversible nature, cruelty, and systemic biases, proponents argue for its deterrent effect and role in delivering justice to victims’ families. As the discussion continues, it is imperative to critically examine the evidence and consider the ethical and moral implications of this controversial practice.


  1. “Innocence Project.” Innocence Project,
  2. “Death Penalty Information Center.” Death Penalty Information Center,
  3. “American Civil Liberties Union.” American Civil Liberties Union,
  4. “National Research Council.” National Academies Press,
  5. “”,
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