Changes in Company Operation and Productions Process

Describe about the Changes in Company Operation and Productions Process.


The smart factory shows fundamental changes in how the company operation
and productions process are organized and set up automatically.
Moreover, use of innovation technology technology in Chocó factory helps them to serve decentralized manufacturing and provide an effective intelligence where production activities take place and make overall system automatic. Chocó factory gain better quality of products and services and achieve better benefits in terms of both customers satisfaction and profitability (Lee, 2015). Implementation of advancement of technology and sensor in each procedures of production process helps them to obtain better and quality of products.

Literature Review of Smart Factory

Smart Factory is defined as manufacturing solution that adds to being adaptive and flexible through production process by solving issues for being flexible, lean, less cost, agile etc. This has two aspects- one is related to hardware or software, mechanics that helps in reducing the wastage coming from waste and labour resource. As opined by Radziwon et al., (2013) another perspective is collaborating between nonindustrial and industrial partner as the smartness arises from dynamics in workplace. The various terms used in place of smart factory is U or intelligent or factory that has various things or real time factory. As proposed by Weiser, (1991) the idea was established by him in the manufacturing unit for computing technology by working on the capabilities and potential.

In terms of future perspective this initiative is through working collaboratively with industrial (Bosch, Siemens etc.), German Research Centre for Artificial Intelligence DFKI and SmartFactoryKL, Technology initiative being partners in Germany. The features of U-Factory are autonomous control, manufacturing sustainably and transparency of information.  According to Yoon et al., (2012) the reason behind incorporating such innovative means is to having compatibility with Ubiquitous Sensor Network RFID and technology. This project is still in pipeline as in the nest 5-10 years it will open new doors of opportunity for actualizing realizing the vision of smart factory. As said by Gubbi et al., (2013) this vision helps in working independently without the intervention of humans by having an open network facility of different items.

The structure of smart factory should not be only modular but also connected through wireless network by having their Internet Protocol (IP) for each device. In order to create smart factory one needs to be check its reliability and safety by testing the process thoroughly. As said by Lucke et al., (2008) he tried to connect digital world with physical i.e. positioning tool by defining the smart factory as factory that helps in completing the task by assisting machine and individual in completing their task. As opined by Lucke et al., (2008) their views on such system are interacting in smart environment, decentralizing required information and fostering communication through real time. Some authors have developed software for using it in smart factory is Nexus platform. As per Radziwon et al., (2013) creating such system is possible with the help of the elements like education on manufacturing enterprise, maintenance and its execution.      

Various technologies could be used in setting up the factory but rather than scrutinizing it the functionalities is focused upon. An individual could have the prerequisites of implementing RFID tags and Wi-Fi networks for smart factory solutions by working in limitation to theories. As discussed by Miles et al., (2003) the future of European manufacturing companies is depending up on cost as it is lower and flexibility by working in different platforms and modules. This smart factory in respect of Zuehlke’s view is working in alignment with Internet of things (IoT). As said by Wadhwa, (2012) 21% of European Union GDP is used in manufacturing activity and serves by providing 20% jobs in the sector. In case of implementing smart factory in SMEs is for the manufacturing process by meeting customer demands and preferences, utilizing machine and reducing the inventory process.

Technologies are used in chocolate factory

In whatever factory, technologies take place to obtain the customer and factory owner satisfactions.  Technologies increasingly provide shorter amount of time between order to delivery. Not only that but also technologies increase factory productions, and production quality.  Information technologies also give producer ability to customize their products(Council, 1995).In our proposal the Choco factory, we suggest the following technologies that might be used:

Wireless technology offers flexible, high communication, wide coverage, and cheap option for any factory. Wireless technology creates new smooth flexible level of connection between factory assets, such as machines, database, and employs. This technology has a number of benefits for the Choco factory. Wireless network can increase productivity by the high connectivity and tracking assets that connect wirelessly and enabling use of wireless tools. Reduce IT operational costs and complexity is also a benefits of using wireless technology in Choco factory. Wireless network is quickly scalable to most changing in market and factory conditions (Cisco, 2014).

Wired network is the basis of most network technologies. It is referred to Ethernet cables, switch, Router,etc. in general, users prefer using wired network for many reasons. Wired network is faster than wireless network. therefor; some systems and application use wired networks. The other reason is wired network is much secure the wireless network. Because of Choco factory required high availability, wired network is perfect for factory site for the security reason. However wired network has some disadvantage such as high cost, flexibility, and scalability (Christensson, 2016).

Choco Factory required IP CCTV which is IP camera. IP CCTV is commonly employed for surveillance. Choco factory needs the camera for a number of reasons such as monitoring the production lines, checking productsquality,  and monitory and surveillance (contributors, 27 July 2016). There are a number of advantages behind the using of IP CCTV. Firstly, IP CCTV can easily integrate with other application and systems. Also it can be easily accessed remotely. IP CCTV in general has more resolution than analog camera. It is also more Scalability system, flexible, and Redundancy than analog camera system.

Sensor network (WSN) is wireless network that is used for specific monitoring purpose. Most modern factories around the word use WSN to monitor different physical or environmental conditions in factory such as humidity, temperature,etc.

Wireless sensor network is focused on enabling the connectivity with no use of wires to sensors and actuators in general. Thereby, use of wireless sensor network technology in smart factory helps the organization to establish connection in fewer prices (Ilyas and Mahgoub, 2006). As it has been seen that wire connectively within the organization required huge money due to huge controlling and processing system (Brandl and Brandl, 2013). Thus to solve this problem in present, RS-232C interface has been implemented to connect wireless connection within the network. The main purpose of use wireless sensor network technology in present i.e. smart organization is to reduce complexity and supporting the mobility that has been observed of moving organization machine from one place to other place. Moreover, to build an effective smart Chocó factory developer implements LR-WPAN also known as ZigBee Technology helps them to serve application in low power (Goryachev et al., 2012).

Sensors are the ears and eyes of smart factory and they control each activities of the company. Sensor in Chocó organization sense power, motion, gas, eclectic single and A/D signal conversation. Sensor device contains the microcontroller device (Zhao and Guibas, 2004). Sensor is able to perform other operations in organization such as hot plug replacement capability and monitoring the performance of operations associated with the organization functions   (Goryachev et al., 2012). On the other, hand a large number of sensor nodes implemented randomly inside the monitoring areas in the network. Sensor nodes monitors transmitted collected data and information along to the other sensor device with the help of hopping.

Robots work in collaborative manner by directly cooperating with humans inside a defined workplace as they can be used in both non-industrial and industrial space. They work in limited space by being a frequent operator and at they are the near future. The technological advancement has taken place by converging at the point between digital and physical world (Grawe, 2016).         

IP TV system is used in television services by using the IP suite such as Internet or LAN for delivering the services to customer. As the industry is in 4.0 revolutions the interoperability of people, machines, sensors and devices is feasible for communicating and connecting with each other through IoT. The incorporation of smart factory helps in working effectively within the given time period.       

IP access controller system is implemented within the organization in order to secure staffs identification and resources. Use of IP access controlling system helps the organization to secure its resources and user identification from unauthorized users (Sobh et al., 2007). IP Access system has benefit to customize and manage employs movement in factory (contributors, 2015). 

  1. Microcontroller

Power management system is used to control the power related functionalities in Smart Chocó factory with the help of sensor, (containing integrated circuit and transceivers). Implementation of microcontroller technology helps the organization to enhance the manufacturing process and offers flexibility work environment while keeping the cost fewer and improving reliability, quality and safety (Morton and Morton, 2005). Use of microcontroller aids the organization to handle products and services variation automatically. Furthermore, smart factory permits greater goods diversity and facilities shorter product life cycle for goods that have to change rapidly.  Vibration sensing provides early warning when motor or other equipment bearings are required of maintenance.                       

Thus, use of innovation technology in Choco factory helps the company to generate better quality of products and also helps to make better revenues.


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CISCO. 2014. Cisco Connected Factory — Wireless [Online]. Available: [Accessed 14 Aug 2016].

CONTRIBUTORS, W. 27 July 2016. IP camera [Online]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available: [Accessed 14 Aug2016].

CONTRIBUTORS, W. 2015. IP access controller [Online]. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Available: [Accessed 14 Aug 2016].

COUNCIL, N. R. 1995. Information Technology for Manufacturing: A Research Agenda, Washington, DC, The National Academies Press.

Brandl, D. and Brandl, D. (2013). Plant IT. [New York, N.Y.] (222 East 46th Street, New York, NY 10017): Momentum Press.

Goryachev, A., Kozhevnikov, S., Kolbova, E., Kuznetsov, O., Simonova, E., Skobelev, P., Tsarev, A. and Shepilov, Y. (2012). “Smart Factory”: Intelligent System for Workshop Resource Allocation, Scheduling, Optimization and Controlling in Real Time. AMR, 630, pp.508-513.

Lee, J. (2015). Smart Factory Systems. Informatik-Spektrum, 38(3), pp.230-235.

Ilyas, M. and Mahgoub, I. (2006). Sensor network protocols. Boca Raton: CRC/Talor & Francis.

Morton, J. and Morton, J. (2005). The PIC microcontroller. Amsterdam: Elsevier/Newnes.

Sobh, T., Elleithy, K., Mahmood, A. and Karim, M. (2007). Innovative algorithms and techniques in automation, industrial electronics and telecommunications. Dordrecht: Springer.

Zhao, F. and Guibas, L. (2004). Wireless sensor networks. Amsterdam: Morgan Kaufmann.

J.-S. Yoon, S.-J. Shin, and S.-H. Suh, A conceptual framework for the ubiquitous factory, International Journal of Production Research, vol.50, no. 8, Taylor & Francis, pp.2174–2189, 2012.

Weiser, The computer for the 21st century, Scientific american, vol.265, no. 3, Nature Publishing Group, pp.94–104, 1991

Zuehlke, SmartFactory—towards a factory-of-things, Annual Reviews in Control, vol.34, no. 1, Elsevier, pp.129–138, 2010.

Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic, and M. Palaniswami, Internet of Things (IoT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions,Future Generation Computer Systems, Elsevier, 2013.

Lucke, C. Constantinescu, and E. Westkämper, Smart factory-a step towards the next generation of manufacturing, in Manufacturing Systems and Technologies for the New Frontier, Springer, 2008, pp.115–118.

Miles, M. W. ARC, and K. Flanagan, The Future of Manufacturing in Europe 2015-2020, EUROPE, vol.2015, p.2020, 2003.

S. Wadhwa, Flexibility in manufacturing automation: A living lab case study of Norwegian metalcasting SMEs, Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Elsevier, 2012.

Radziwon, A., Bilberg, A., Bogers, M. and Madsen, E. (2013). The Smart Factory: Exploring Adaptive and Flexible Manufacturing Solutions. ScienceDirect. [online] Available at: [Accessed 23 Aug. 2016].

Grawe, C. (2016). Smart Factory. CON, 28(6), pp.362-363. is a name in assignment writing services that students trust. We offer our assignment writing services for a wide variety of assignments including essays, dissertations, case studies and more. Students can place their order with us anytime as we function 24×7, and get their copies at unbeatable prices. We guarantee that all of our solutions are plagiarism-free.

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