Choose one of the two questions posed below. Please read the prompt carefully and make sure you address every part of it in your response.
How do the fundamental precepts of each approach to reform conflict with each other? Is it possible to mix approaches and why? What are the benefits and drawbacks of these approaches?
The Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 established several features of the U.S. civil service that remain to this day. The four features outlined by the text are: government hires employees by merit; the government pays according to their positions, not their personal characteristics; government workers are protected from political interference and dismissal once in the system; and government workers have an obligation to accountability. What do you think of these four features? Which ones do you think contribute to government efficiency? What about government transparency? Why do you think they were established, and why do you think they have endured?