Criminal Psychology and Highlighting

Discuss about the Criminal Psychology and Highlighting.


In general terms, criminal psychology is defined as criminological psychology. This subject mainly deals with the study on the intention, thoughts as well as the reaction of the different people who are in nature criminals or have performed some sort of criminal activities. The study of criminal psychology is mainly linked to the field of criminal anthropology (Andrews, et al 2010).  Also in other words, it could be stated that the study of criminal psychology helps in carrying out an in depth study on what has made the individual commit such a criminal activity, and also his reactions after the crime has been done. At times criminal psychologists are brought up in the court for helping the other people understand the minds of the criminal.

Discussing the role of criminal psychology and highlighting the functions of criminal psychologist, along with information on the place of their work, what activities they are entitled to perform in relation to their job roles.

The concept of criminal psychology is Australia is mainly noticed to have followed the American model, which further visualizes the criminal investigation Analysis as one kind of investigation tool that is generally utilised by the police force. The role of psychology is Australia is mainly elevated by different kind of activities in the state of Victoria. Further, it has also been noticed that the role of psychology in Australia includes the “Indirect personality assessment” that mainly includes the process of judging the personality of the individual with making a face to face interaction with the person (Bartol, et al 2014). A common application in perspective of criminal psychology within the country of Australia basically makes an analysis over the different forms of reactions that are totally discerned with certain types of collateral information. The criminal psychology in the country of Australia is also determined to carry out “Equivocal death analysis” for the purpose of carrying out certain forms of psychological autopsy. For the need to perform this role criminal psychologist are noticed to carry out an in depth analysis regarding the mode of death of an individual in different unclear cases like in case of accidents, suicide or even it includes homicide (Canter, et al 2009). The “linkage analysis” or the “comparative case analysis” is also a valuable role of psychology in Australia. With this role psychologist of Australia are able to determine the series of offences that has been carried out by the same criminal person. Other activities include “threat assessment” as well as “trial strategy”.

The criminal psychologists are noticed to have been implemented in a range of professional areas and thus they are entitled to carry out different types of activities. Different common settings within which the criminal are notice to work includes hospitals, health service community, prisons, business fields and even with the defense forces (Cornish, et al 2014).

The criminal psychologists are entitled to carry out different types of tasks and responsibilities. In the clinical situation, it is noticed that the Australian criminal psychologist mainly involves themselves into the process of evaluating different individuals for the need of supplying clinical judgment. In this type of roles the psychologist are mainly noticed to make use of different person evaluation tools and interview process as well as the psychometric tools for a perfect assessment of the individual (Maruna, et al 2009).  In the experimental case, it is noticed that psychologist doe perform different types of research in order to work on a case and this requires certain experimental tests for the need of supplying vital information to the court so that they could clearly judge out the case. In perspective of actuarial cases, it is basically noticed that the Australian criminal psychologist do make use of different statistics to inform the case. And lastly in the advisory situation the psychologist do advice the police in proceeding with more investigation over the case.

Discussing the concept of crime

The concept of crime is estimated to be a certain form of harmful act or omission that is totally against the will of the public people and also some sort of act which the state or community totally disagrees to consider because according to them it is kind of conviction as well as highly punishable by fine, imprisonment for a certain period of time and even leads to death sentences of the individual. It has been noticed that there is existence of no such conduct that mainly constitutes a crime unless that is declared in perspective of law of the Australian subcontinent (Petersen, et al 2012).  Some crimes that include theft as well as criminal damage may also be estimated as some sort of civil crimes for which the victim might be supplied with some amount to claim the damage that has been caused by the person with criminal mind. In contrary to the given definition, it has been determined that crime is actually a category that is totally relevant and applicable by law. The crime or offense is actually a kind of offense for which the person is held punishable by law.

 Different act of crimes

Suicide- this is an intentional act that mainly creates death of the person. Some vital risk factors are noticed to include certain mental disorders such as depression, bipolar disorder, alcoholism and misuse of different substances (Raine 2013).  In Australian context, different types of impulsive acts that develop within an individual due to certain forms of stress like economic difficulties, problems in relationship insist an individual to commit suicide. In contrary to the conflict view, suicide is a crime because conflict does create stress within an individual insisting the person to attempt suicide.

Euthanasia- in Australian context, euthanasia is a serious form of crime that mainly involves a sort of painless killing of the patients who are noticed to suffer from certain types of incurable pain or is experiencing the irreversible coma. This practise of intentionally ending life is a serious form of crime that is done by different individuals to relieve them from pain and this practise in general could be defined as murder (Skeem, et al 2010).  

Polluting a lake- polluting lake is also determined as some sort of serious crimes as it includes polluting the environment with harmful chemicals. In context of the Australian criminal psychology individuals who are noticed to pollute the lake are sentenced to imprisonment for a certain period of time or are entitled to pay fine. According to the consensus view polluting a lake is determined as a crime because it is kind of intolerable behavior within a particular society that is totally against the wish of the people of community (Andrews, et al 2010).


These criminal psychologists are actually licensed professionals who are liable for making access over the mental and physical condition of a human being. These people mainly look into the certain patterns of behavior to define the person without the commitment of criminal activities (Bartol, et al 2014). Criminal psychologists have stated that the criminal activities which are often being performed by the influence of some kind of social and social factors that pressurize the brain of the person to carry out activities which are determined as criminal offense. The study of criminal psychology for the Federal Bureau of Investigation is estimated to be a kind of investigative analysis.


Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2010). Rehabilitating criminal justice policy and practice. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(1), 39.

Bartol, A. M., & Bartol, C. R. (2014). Criminal behavior: A psychological approach. Boston: Pearson, c2014. xxiii, 644 pages: illustrations; 24 cm.

Canter, D., & Youngs, D. (2009). Investigative psychology: Offender profiling and the analysis of criminal action. John Wiley & Sons.

Cornish, D. B., & Clarke, R. V. (Eds.). (2014). The reasoning criminal: Rational choice perspectives on offending. Transaction Publishers.

Maruna, S., & King, A. (2009). Once a criminal, always a criminal?:‘Redeemability’and the psychology of punitive public attitudes. European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research, 15(1-2), 7-24.

Petersen, M. B., Sell, A., Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (2012). To punish or repair? Evolutionary psychology and lay intuitions about modern criminal justice. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33(6), 682-695.

Raine, A. (2013). The psychopathology of crime: Criminal behavior as a clinical disorder. Elsevier.

Skeem, J. L., & Cooke, D. J. (2010). Is criminal behavior a central component of psychopathy? Conceptual directions for resolving the debate. Psychological assessment, 22(2), 433.

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