Early Alarm System for Earthquakes

Discuss about the Early Alarm System for Earthquakes.

Background: Earthquakes have been one of the most perilous natural disasters causing loss of lives and properties around the world. According to (NOAA, 2015), earthquakes have led to a death toll of around 7.5 million people till 2014. In the past, there have been several instances in different countries where earthquakes have destroyed the entire city. (BBC, 2015)

Problem: Unlike other natural hazards such as hurricane, prediction of earthquakes is still not very precise (Olson, 2014). In fact, very often, early detection of earthquakes and notification to people can save their lives (S.Stecay, 2015). This raises the need for alarming people instantly whenever an earthquake strikes. In this era of digitization, where almost every one carries their mobile phones with them, it would be beneficial if people get notifications of earthquakes instantly on their phones. Therefore, we propose earthquake detection and alarming system which is the ultimate need of the hour.

Solution: The proposed earthquake detection and alarming system is a technologically advanced version of other similar systems in the market. Other systems such as Quake Alarm do not have a remote connectivity and the way these systems alert people is using loud sound alarms. The proposed system will have 2 circuits – Detection circuit and Communication circuit. The detection circuit consists of piezo sensors which produce current when their orientation is altered. This current will be passed to an amplifier and the output of which will trigger the communication circuit. Multiple thresholds (Ignore, Mild and High) will also be placed to identify the magnitude of earthquake. If the threshold is below Ignore, no alarm will be placed otherwise the communication circuit will notify the user’s smart phone with “Mild” or “High” levels. A basic smart phone application will be developed for this system which must be installed on the user’s smart phone. (Nakamura, 1998)

Benefits: Multiple users can subscribe to a single system which makes the solution inexpensive and highly beneficial. The simplicity of the solution can be seen from the fact that the system needs to be placed at a stationary position while the users can be remote. The user only needs to install an app and gets notified instantly each time an earthquake hits the location where the device is placed. This cuts in the confusion people generally face during an earthquake and after getting alarmed, they can instantly move to a secure place.

Implementation: In order to implement the solution, we need to take care of the hardware and software solutions independently and finally integrate them. We would collaborate with ST Electronics to design the sensor based detection and communication circuit. In parallel, we would work with a software development firm to design a basic android/ios application for receiving earthquake notifications from the remote device

illustrating the working of the entire system

Figure 1: Diagram illustrating the working of the entire system.

Cost/Budget: A cost breakup for prototype development is presented below:

Piezo Sensor:                                                                           $ 5

Components for Detection Circuit:                                        $ 15

Components for communication circuit:                                 $ 20

Application Development:                                                      $ 80

Total Prototype Cost                                                               $ 120

Conclusion: Disasters like earthquakes are impossible to be avoided. Moreover, prediction of their occurrence is not very accurate. The only option is to be warned as soon as possible and to take necessary safety actions thereafter. The proposed solution makes use of modern technology to detect and communicate earthquakes using simple circuitry. It is interesting to see how a smart but an inexpensive solution can save a lot of people from losing lives during an earthquake.

References:

NOAA, 2015. Earthquake Data and Information. Retrieved from https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/hazard/earthqk.shtml

Nakamura, Y. (1988, August). On the urgent earthquake detection and alarm system (UrEDAS). In Proc. of the 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (Vol. 7, pp. 673-678).

Earle, P. S., Bowden, D. C., & Guy, M. (2012). Twitter earthquake detection: earthquake monitoring in a social world. Annals of Geophysics, 54(6).

Nakamura, Y. (2004, August). UrEDAS, urgent earthquake detection and alarm system, now and future. In Proceedings of the 13th world conference on earthquake engineering.

BBC, 2015. History of deadly earthquakes. Retrieved from http://www.bbc.com/news/world-12717980

Olson, R.S., Podesta, B. and Nigg, J.M., 2014. The politics of earthquake prediction. Princeton University Press.

S.Stecay, 2015. Chile earthquake: how high-tech warning systems save lives. Retrieved from http://theconversation.com/chile-earthquake-how-high-tech-warning-systems-save-lives-47693

 

BoomGrades.com has emerged as the one-stop solution for all students who are in search of professional thesis help. We not only help students in producing impeccable thesis papers, but also provide complete thesis writing help starting from the selection of topics, researching the topics, structuring the paper and finally writing it. So no matter what problem restrains students, our thesis writing services will always be the perfect answer for students. 

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Boom Grades
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Classic English Literature
Absolutely LOVE the essay I received. I really appreciate it so much.
Customer 452529, October 25th, 2021
world civilization
Thank you for the quick response
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
English 101
perfect! thanks!
Customer 452543, December 1st, 2021
Classic English Literature
Great Work as Usual. Thank you . I received an A on the paper!
Customer 452531, November 9th, 2021
Exercise Science
Thank you so much for your time.
Customer 452545, December 5th, 2021
english comp
Great paper and done before the deadline. Thank you
Customer 452509, June 15th, 2021
English comp
Got a 94% thank you!
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
Literature
Absolutely LOVE having help especially from the person who wrote this last one. THANK YOU
Customer 452529, November 19th, 2021
Public Health
Thank you so much !!
Customer 452589, November 28th, 2023
english comp
Thank you for all your hard time.
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Awesome Job... you are the best!
Customer 452531, November 27th, 2021
Religious studies
I recommend this service they always help. I got an A in this project thanks.
Customer 452507, October 5th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat