“Imperialism (noun) – The extension of a nation’s power over other lands.” Imperialism was prominent in continents such as Asia, India, Africa, and Latin America, and played an important role in the development of western businesses. Some benefited from imperialism while others suffered greatly. There was a strong economic motive behind imperialism as western states began to search and colonize in order to maintain their industries. “Capitalist states in the west were looking for both markets and raw materials such as rubber, oil, and tin for their industries.
” Because of the fact that imperialism led to western states obtaining materials for trade, it quickly became a popular method to use. As well as there being an economic motive, there was also a political one. European nation-states often competed against their enemies and got a hold of colonies in order to prove their superiority. “European nation-states were involved in heated rivalries. They acquired colonies abroad in order to gain an advantage over their rivals.
” New imperialism, however, was a different kind of imperialism of the late nineteenth century. It became apparent in Southeast Asia in the 1800’s as Europeans ruled both the Spanish Philippines and the Dutch East Indies in order to preserve their materials and find new trade routes. “Britain wanted control of Burma in order to protect its possessions in India. It also sought a trade route through Burma into southern China.” Yet it became apparent that not only was new imperialism a way to find resources and trading posts, it also helped European states take control over extensive territories as well.
“Now they sought nothing less than direct control over vast territories.” Even though there were some negative effects of colonial rule such as high taxes and unhealthy working conditions, there were some positive ones too. “Colonial governments built railroads, highways, and other structures that benefited native peoples as well as colonials.” However, many of the native peoples resented colonization because of the conditions they were forced to live upon and resisted against it. “At first resistance came from the ruling class. In Burma, for example, the monarch himself fought Western Domination… Sometimes resistance to western control took the form of peasant revolts.”