Enterprise Architecture

Question:

Discuss about the Enterprise Architecture.

Answer:

Introduction

This assignment provides information on the enterprise Architecture. It is a conceptual architecture of the company which defines the operation as well as a structure of the industry. It provides a track for the analysis of structure of the business [1]. It acts as a source for reusing the data and moreover, it provides data in the shared mode. It helps in representing the various processes of the business in a well-defined manner. The city planning model is related to the physical world and various activities. It helps in reducing the overall cost of service ownership. It helps in increasing the reuse of system components. It has explained the concept of SA and Reference model. It has mentioned the role of EA, SA and reference model in the Company.

Enterprise Architecture

Enterprises are complex and difficult to manage without any planning. Enterprise Architecture is a conceptual architecture of the company which defines the operation as well as a structure of the industry. It provides a path or the guidance to the company for achieving its current and also for achieving its future goal. It provides a track for the analysis of structure of the business [1]. It is related to the management of enterprises, business functions, business patterns, suppliers, and customers, etc. It helps in organizing the entities and the relationships between the different enterprises. The aim of the architecture is to achieve a goal or a vision, and also to obtain a good market position.

Importance of EA

The focus of EA is on 4 C’s: Collaboration, customers, connection, and communication. It is an Information technology that provides a business strategy for today as well as for tomorrow. It provides both the views i.e. macro as well as micro views for understanding the strategy of the business. It acts as a source for reusing the data and moreover, it provides data in the shared mode. It helps in executing the right work at the right time for achieving the right and well-defined vision.

EA is Similar to City Planning

EA is a metaphor of city planning. The various IT managers, corporate managers, a line of business mangers use city planning model to understand the architecture of the business [1].  It helps in representing the various processes of the business in a well-defined manner. The city planning model is related to the physical world and various activities. Similarly EA is related to the world of business, IT system, etc. and various activities that are the part of the organization.

 Benefits of EA

There are the different departments or the different groups in an organization, so the EA act as a roadmap for different the communication between the different departments or between the different groups. It provides innovation at the team or the department level. It helps in reducing the overall cost of service ownership [15]. It helps in increasing the reuse of system components, and also it helps in improving the reuse of the system that already exists. It helps in the reducing the chances of the risk.

Key Challenges in EA

Complexity is booming day by day in the business as it depends on a number of factors: when the business is expanding, when the business brings creative, and innovations, when the team is expanding (due to the expansion of business, and varies other reasons), when the business creates its international presence. The IT system is also a part of EA, and it is the responsibility of the EA system to manage IT architecture as well as to manage the architecture of the business. The system also gets complicated, as it has to provide new application support, it has to fulfill be business needs. The volume of the application is increasing (or change) due to change in the economy, business environment, regulatory. The selection of a right person for the right role is also a big challenge for the organizations.

How Phoenix Logistics will Utilize EA

Phoenix Logistics is a licensed Melbourne based brokerage firm. The main task of the company is to transport the material from the third country and also to transport material to the third country form Melbourne. The trading is done at uninterrupted and at the competitive cost. There are various departments which are working under this firm like customer brokerage departments, etc. The role of the EA is to provide a path to the different departments so that they will communicate with each other through the well-defined path. It will help in managing and tracking the path of the material which is going to transfer between the Melbourne and the third country. It will help in handling the various reports -customer defined, and also it will help in manging various entries like drug administration, etc., as it will help in manging the data and in providing the data in the shared mode.

Solution Architecture

 Solution architecture is the architecture that is used for defining as well as for describing the architecture of the specific system that provides the specific solution. It may include the definition, or the description of the whole system, or it may include the description of the specific parts of the system [13]. Typically, the SA is applied to the single project, and the motto of SA is to translate the requirements into the solution vision. SA takes the guidance from different EA viewpoints (information, technical, and business).

Enterprise Architecture

It is not only related to the specific system; but it is also related to the whole business.  It is a conceptual architecture that helps in managing the complex business with proper planning. It is helpful in handling the different entities and the relationships between the enterprises. It helps in improving the reuse of the system that already exists, which is further helpful in reducing the overall cost of service ownership [7].

Difference between the EA and SA

EA is a broad term. It includes the different departments, different systems, etc. It helps in managing the reports and data of different system. It provides the framework for managing the whole business. It is not a job of a single department or single system. The various IT managers, corporate managers, the line of business mangers use this model to understand the architecture of the business. It helps in managing the large volume of applications as the volume of the application also increases (or changes) due to change in the economy, business environment, regulatory. On the other hand, SA is related to a single system the architecture of the specific system that is used for providing the specific solution. The aim of the SA is to check the requirements of the system, and then check whether the system behaves according to the expectation or not, i.e., whether it behaves or fulfill all the requirements or not. It takes the guidance from different EA viewpoints, and it varies from department to department and from person to person.

EA and SA are Related to Each Other

The aim of the EA and SA is to provide the guidelines for the business or system that leads to the success of the overall business. No doubt the SA is related to the single system, but on the other hand success of a single system or particular application will lead to the success of the overall business. The EA is a broad term that handles the overall business [13]. The SA focuses on the single and different system, as it is difficult to manage the single system in detail (with the help of EA).

How Phoenix Logistics can Utilize the EA and SA

The Phoenix Logistics company can utilize both the EA and SA for running its business in a well-defined manner. The Phoenix Logistics is running its business at International level, and it has to manage the various departments like transport team, IT team, and it has to manage the various report and entries. The EA provides a path or the guidance to the organization for handling these things. It is not limited to the specific system. It helps in managing the overall business. On the other hand, the company can use SA for handling the particular department like SA is used for handling the transport department. SA checks the source and destination for the material (that is going to be transported), and it can trace the path that whether the material is moving through the right track or not.

EA Principle

The aim of the principle is to govern the different EA process. The EA principle provides an architectural framework for the business, and it also provides evidence that is based on decision-making process. It acts as drivers for defining the various functional requirements required by the EA. The EA principles include selection, management, evolution, and return on investment. It also includes usage, development, governance, and change management. It provides the rationale description for the architecture activities. It also provides the evaluation criteria for selecting the right product.

EA Standard

There are different standards used in the EA for manning different departments like the EA uses UMW’s standard for handling the department of Information technology. It helps in improving the risk management and also helps in improving the mitigation [14]. It also helps in improving the technology capabilities. The UMW’s is father categories into the different domains: Database domain (it is related to the methods for accessing the data), Information Domain (it is related to data management, and business intelligence), Integration domain (it is related to the database integration), Security domain (it is related to the security of information, and also it is related to the risk management), platform domain (it is related to the servers, and various productivity tools), etc. [7].

EA Reference Model

The EA systems are used for handling the business problems. The SOA is one of the reference model used for EA. It helps in the creation of new services which are exposed in the form of web services. It helps in discovering the new services. It helps in manning the transport, and moreover, it also provides the security feature. It provides the transactions which are long-lived. It helps in mapping the data of different formats like transformation, and mapping of keys. There are various other reference models like Provider and consumer architectures and it based on the interaction between the provider and customer.

EA Principle and Standards are Important

 It helps in placing the right things and right person at the right place for achieving the right and expected results. It provides input for both the systems i.e. for the existing as well as for the future system. It is helpful Ian improving the risk management and also helps in improving the mitigation. It also helps in improving the technology capabilities. It helps in providing the rationale description and evaluation criteria for achieving the architecture activates and for selecting the right product. It also plays a vital role in the decision-making process of the business. It is a useful source in handling the risk management activates. In short, these principles and strands are useful sources for the success of firm as it guides the path for handling the complex business.

Reference Model Supports Reuse

 It helps in managing and reuses the data. It manages the data by creating databases and mapping the data in different formats like transformation, and also placed the related data by mapping it with the keys, and joins.

Phoenixes Logistics Company will utilize Reference Model

The phoenixes Logistics Company can utilize the reference model for managing the transport of the material because it helps in managing the transport at the international level, i.e. between the Melbourne and between the third-party [7].  It also helps in managing the reports and entries by creating the database, and manages the related data with the help of keys. The SOA model is useful for the Company as it is helpful in transporting the material securely (at the international level). It is a useful source in handling the risk management activities.

Conclusion

The role of the EA is to provide a path to the different departments so that they will communicate with each other through the well-defined path. It also helps in managing and tracking the path of the material which is going to transfer between the Melbourne and the third country. The Phoenix Logistics company can utilize both the EA and SA for running its business in a well-defined manner. The EA provides a path or the guidance to the organization for handling these things. It is not limited to the specific system. It helps in managing the overall business. On the other hand, the company can use SA for handling the particular department like the SA is used for handling the transport department. The SA check the source and destination for the material (that is going to be transported), and it can trace the path that whether the material is moving through the right track or not.The phoenixes Logistics Company can utilize the reference model for managing the transport of the material because it helps in managing the transport at the international level i.e. between the Melbourne and between the third-party. It also helps in managing the reports and entries by creating the database and manages the related data with the help of keys. 

References

 [1]”Australian Government Enterprise Architecture Principles”, Australian Government Information Mangement Office, 2014. [Online]. Available: https://www.finance.gov.au/sites/default/files/AGA_EA_Principles_-_V1.1_0.pdf. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[2]”Enterprise Architecture Standard”, Universirty Of Mary Washington, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://technology.umw.edu/it-policies/infrastructure-and-enterprise-architecture-standard/. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[3]”Enterprise Architecture Standard”, VITA, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.vita.virginia.gov/uploadedFiles/VITA_Main_Public/Library/PSGs/EA_Standard.pdf. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[4]”Global Freight”, globalfreight.com.au, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.globalfreight.com.au/. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[5]”Novis Logistics Solutions”, novislogistics.com.au, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.novislogistics.com.au/third-party-logistics-company-melbourne.html. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[6]”PIBL”, phoenixlogistics.com, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://phoenixlogistics.com/. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[7]”International Freight Forwarding”, allworldlogistics.com.au, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.allworldlogistics.com.au/. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[8]”Supply Chain Brain”, supplychainbrain.com, 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.supplychainbrain.com/content/research-analysis/. [Accessed: 25- Aug- 2016].

[9]P. Christensen, “Enterprise and the Economies of Knowledge of Architectural Practice in the Islamic World since 1800”, International Journal of Islamic Architecture, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 243-253, 2015.

[10]D. Handel and A. Nitzan-Shiftan, “Industrial Complexes, Foreign Enterprise and the Imagining of a New Levant”, International Journal of Islamic Architecture, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 343-364, 2015.

[11]J. Mack, “Form Follows Faith: Swedish Architects, Expertise and New Religious Spaces in the Stockholm Suburbs”, International Journal of Islamic Architecture, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 401-415, 2015.

[12]N. Feniger and R. Kallus, “Enterprise in the Name of Diplomacy: The Israeli Plan for Rebuilding the Qazvin Region, Iran”, International Journal of Islamic Architecture, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 103-134, 2016.

[13]M. Stojev, “ARM System Architecture”, Microelectronics Journal, vol. 29, no. 7, p. 472, 1998.

[14]J. Jorge, “Financial System Architecture and Systematic Risk”, SSRN Electronic Journal.

[15]G. Booch, “Enterprise Architecture and Technical Architecture”, IEEE Softw., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 96-96, 2010.

[16]E. Niemi and S. Pekkola, “Enterprise Architecture Benefit Realization”, Sigmis Database, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 55-80, 2016.

 

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