History

1- what were two significant reasons birthday parties for children began to be common by the mid-19th century, whereas they had been rare before. In other words, what changes helped cause this change?

2- What is “instrumentalism” at work, and what does it suggest about happiness at work?

Answer:

  1. By the mid-19th century, two significant changes contributed to the increasing commonality of birthday parties for children:

    a. Industrialization and Urbanization: The rise of industrialization and urbanization led to significant societal shifts, including changes in family structure and social dynamics. With more families moving to urban centers and a growing middle class emerging, there was increased disposable income and leisure time. This allowed parents to allocate resources towards celebrating milestones like birthdays for their children, fostering a sense of community and social cohesion.

    b. Cultural Influences: Alongside industrialization, cultural shifts also played a role in popularizing birthday celebrations. As societal norms evolved, there was a growing emphasis on childhood and family life. Celebrating birthdays became a way for parents to express love and affection for their children, reinforcing familial bonds and creating lasting memories. Additionally, the spread of birthday traditions from other cultures, such as the German tradition of Kinderfeste, also contributed to the normalization of birthday parties in Western societies.

  2. “Instrumentalism” at work refers to the view that individuals primarily perceive their work as a means to achieve certain outcomes or goals, rather than deriving intrinsic satisfaction or fulfillment from the work itself. In other words, instrumentalism suggests that people see their jobs as a means to an end, whether it be financial security, social status, or personal fulfillment outside of work.

Regarding happiness at work, instrumentalism implies that individuals may not necessarily find happiness in the tasks they perform or the work environment itself. Instead, their happiness is contingent upon the outcomes or rewards they derive from their work, such as financial compensation, recognition, or career advancement. This perspective suggests that while external rewards can contribute to a sense of well-being, true happiness at work may be limited if individuals do not find intrinsic satisfaction in their tasks or feel disconnected from the purpose of their work. Thus, fostering a sense of intrinsic motivation and alignment between personal values and organizational goals is essential for promoting genuine happiness and fulfillment in the workplace.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Boom Grades
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Classic English Literature
Absolutely LOVE the essay I received. I really appreciate it so much.
Customer 452529, October 25th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Awesome Job... you are the best!
Customer 452531, November 27th, 2021
english comp
Great paper and done before the deadline. Thank you
Customer 452509, June 15th, 2021
Medicine
Great content.
Customer 452549, February 8th, 2022
English comp
Got a 94% thank you!
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
Exercise Science
Thank you so much for your time.
Customer 452545, December 5th, 2021
Gerontology
Thank you so much this looks great !!!!
Customer 452585, November 4th, 2023
Public Health
Thank you so much !!
Customer 452589, November 28th, 2023
Literature
Absolutely LOVE having help especially from the person who wrote this last one. THANK YOU
Customer 452529, November 19th, 2021
English 101
perfect! thanks!
Customer 452543, December 1st, 2021
Religious studies
I recommend this service they always help. I got an A in this project thanks.
Customer 452507, October 5th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Great Work as Usual. Thank you . I received an A on the paper!
Customer 452531, November 9th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat