Law

Discuss the rationale for excluding evidence and provides examples.

 

Answer:

The exclusion of evidence in legal proceedings is based on several rationales aimed at ensuring fairness, protecting constitutional rights, and maintaining the integrity of the justice system. These rationales are designed to prevent unlawfully obtained evidence from being used against an individual in court, even if it might be relevant to the case. Here are some key rationales for excluding evidence:

  1. Protection of Constitutional Rights: Excluding evidence obtained through unconstitutional means, such as illegal searches and seizures or coerced confessions, upholds the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Amendments of the United States Constitution. These amendments guarantee individuals’ rights against unreasonable searches and seizures, the right against self-incrimination, and the right to a fair trial.

    Example: If law enforcement conducts a search of a suspect’s home without a warrant or probable cause, any evidence obtained during that search may be excluded from trial under the exclusionary rule.

  2. Deterrence of Police Misconduct: Excluding unlawfully obtained evidence serves as a deterrent to law enforcement misconduct. By suppressing evidence obtained in violation of individuals’ rights, the exclusionary rule incentivizes police officers to adhere to constitutional standards during investigations.

    Example: If police officers coerce a confession from a suspect through physical or psychological abuse, any resulting confession may be excluded from trial to deter future instances of police misconduct.

  3. Preservation of Judicial Integrity: Excluding tainted evidence preserves the integrity of the judicial process and ensures that trials are conducted fairly and impartially. Allowing unlawfully obtained evidence to be admitted could undermine public trust in the legal system and compromise the integrity of court proceedings.

    Example: If prosecutors obtain evidence through prosecutorial misconduct, such as withholding exculpatory evidence or engaging in witness tampering, courts may exclude such evidence to safeguard the integrity of the trial process.

  4. Prevention of Irrelevant or Prejudicial Evidence: Even if evidence is legally obtained, it may still be excluded if its probative value is outweighed by its prejudicial effect. This rationale aims to prevent the introduction of evidence that could unfairly prejudice the jury or distract from the central issues of the case.

    Example: In a trial for a drug possession charge, evidence of the defendant’s unrelated prior criminal convictions may be excluded if its prejudicial effect outweighs its probative value in proving the current charge.

Overall, the exclusion of evidence serves to uphold constitutional rights, deter misconduct, preserve judicial integrity, and ensure fair and impartial trials. By adhering to these rationales, courts strive to maintain the integrity and legitimacy of the criminal justice system.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
$0.00
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with Boom Grades
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
Testimonials
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Gerontology
Thank you so much this looks great !!!!
Customer 452585, November 4th, 2023
Medicine
Great content.
Customer 452549, February 8th, 2022
Classic English Literature
Absolutely LOVE the essay I received. I really appreciate it so much.
Customer 452529, October 25th, 2021
Religious studies
I recommend this service they always help. I got an A in this project thanks.
Customer 452507, October 5th, 2021
English comp
Got a 94% thank you!
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
Public Health
Thank you so much !!
Customer 452589, November 28th, 2023
english comp
Great paper and done before the deadline. Thank you
Customer 452509, June 15th, 2021
english comp
Thank you for all your hard time.
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
world civilization
Thank you for the quick response
Customer 452509, June 27th, 2021
Literature
Absolutely LOVE having help especially from the person who wrote this last one. THANK YOU
Customer 452529, November 19th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Great Work as Usual. Thank you . I received an A on the paper!
Customer 452531, November 9th, 2021
Classic English Literature
Awesome Job... you are the best!
Customer 452531, November 27th, 2021
11,595
Customer reviews in total
96%
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
37%
Customers referred by a friend
OUR GIFT TO YOU
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat