Psychology Question

Chapter fourteen assignment:

Please respond to the items below, being certain to use correct grammar and punctuation to the best of your ability.Make sure you proofread your paper prior to submission.Finally, your answers should be in your own words.If you are quoting or using others’ ideas, make sure to give them credit.  Your submission should be a minimum of four well-developed paragraphs.(Each 190 words)

1.In one paragraph, summarize the article.

2.Specifically, what did the authors find with regard to the structure of drug smuggling groups?

a.What do they mean by structure?

b.Did the researchers find drug smuggling operations to be characterized by hierarchical organization?

c.Was a distinct chain of command typically found?

3.Specifically, how did the authors characterize social interaction by those involved in the drug smuggling operations?

a.If interaction was not based on “hierarchical chains of command” (p. 253) what was it based on? Explain.

4.What did the authors find with regard to the rationality of offending groups?

a.Were the smuggling groups studied organized to maximize profit?

b.Were they rationally organized with some other goal in mind?If yes, explain.Be specific.

Answer:

Summary of the Article:

The article delves into the structure and dynamics of drug smuggling groups, seeking to understand their organizational patterns and decision-making processes. Through a comprehensive analysis of qualitative data from interviews with incarcerated drug offenders, the authors examine how these groups are structured, how social interactions unfold within them, and the rationality behind their operations.

Findings Regarding the Structure of Drug Smuggling Groups:

The authors found that drug smuggling groups often exhibited a decentralized structure, characterized by fluid and flexible arrangements rather than rigid hierarchical organization. While some larger groups may have had leaders or coordinators, there was no distinct chain of command typical of hierarchical organizations. Instead, decision-making authority and responsibilities were often distributed among various members, depending on the specific circumstances and needs of the operation.

Characterization of Social Interaction:

Social interaction within drug smuggling groups was not based solely on hierarchical chains of command. Instead, it was characterized by lateral communication and collaboration among members, driven by shared goals, trust, and reciprocity. Relationships were often built on personal connections, familial ties, or longstanding friendships rather than formal authority structures.

Rationality of Offending Groups:

The authors found that while profit maximization was a common goal for drug smuggling groups, their organizational structures and decision-making processes were not always purely rational in the economic sense. Some groups prioritized other objectives, such as maintaining secrecy, avoiding detection, or minimizing risks to members’ safety. In some cases, the structure and operations of smuggling groups were shaped by cultural norms, traditions, or personal loyalties rather than solely economic considerations.

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