The Department of Homeland Security Discussion Response

Response to discussion post:

please consider the following questions:

  • What did you learn from your classmate‘s posting?
  • What additional questions do you have after reading the posting?
  • What clarification do you need regarding the posting?
  • What differences or similarities do you see between your posting and other classmates‘ postings?

The Department of Homeland Security is made up of many agencies and directorates who work towards the common goal of securing our nation from threats near and abroad. This is accomplished by the prevention of terrorism, protecting our borders, and ensuring our ability to be resilient when faced with both natural and manmade hazards. This paper will compare two agencies who fall under the Department of Homeland Security. This paper will also identify any potential areas of cross jurisdiction or mission area overlap, if there is any at all. In closing it will discuss whether or not these agencies directly support the mission of DHS  or if they conflict with the overall mission of the department.

FEMA is the agency who assists before, during, and after disasters. Their mission statement is “Helping people before, during, and after disasters” (FEMA, n.d., para. 2). March 1, 2003 FEMA became part of the Department of Homeland Security. The agency also does much more than responding to disasters. They also provide training to first responders on how to deal with and respond to weapons of mass destruction incidents. While terrorism prevention was the main component, FEMA evolved into taking an all hazards approach when dealing with both natural and manmade threats that face our nation. FEMA provides a framework for a coordinated approach to national security from emergencies and disasters  for both natural and man-made.

Next, we come to The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency. The agency’s mission statement is “ CISA partners with industry and government to understand and manage risk to our Nation’s critical infrastructure” (CISA, n.d., p. 1). This agency is also for building a resilient and secure technological infrastructure systems. Think about all the recent cyber-attacks the U.S. has become victim to. China, North Korea, and Russia seem to be the main culprits behind these types of malicious attacks. It is imperative that our nation has cyber security professionals who maintain our safety to both technological and even physical infrastructure who rely on technological networks to operate. This is accomplished by understanding and mitigating our risks to our critical infrastructures.

Looking at the table below it is very obvious that both of these agencies work towards a common goal of securing our nation and mitigating risks that are known. Both agencies put an emphasis on preparing in order to mitigate known risks. Both agencies also take concern with all manners of infrastructure. Think about dams, electric grids, and telecommunication centers. Each of these agencies plays a vital role in our nations effort to prepare for, respond to, and recover from attacks to our nations critical infrastructures.


From your post, I learned about two important agencies within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS): FEMA and the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). It’s interesting to see how these agencies contribute to the overarching mission of securing the nation from various threats, including natural disasters and cyberattacks.

After reading your post, I have a few additional questions:

  1. Can you provide examples of specific initiatives or programs implemented by FEMA and CISA to enhance cybersecurity and disaster preparedness?
  2. How do FEMA and CISA collaborate with other federal, state, and local agencies to coordinate emergency response efforts and address cross-jurisdictional challenges?
  3. Are there any notable differences in the scope of responsibilities or approaches between FEMA and CISA in fulfilling their respective missions?

Regarding clarification, I’m curious about how FEMA’s focus on disaster response and recovery intersects with CISA’s emphasis on cybersecurity and infrastructure protection. Are there any specific areas where their missions overlap, and if so, how do they coordinate their efforts to address shared challenges?

In terms of similarities, both your post and mine focus on agencies within the Department of Homeland Security and their roles in safeguarding the nation from various threats. We both highlight the importance of preparedness, response, and resilience in addressing diverse security challenges, whether they be related to criminal activity or natural disasters. However, our posts differ in the specific agencies and missions discussed, reflecting the broad range of responsibilities within the DHS and the multifaceted nature of national security.


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